The history of the city goes back to the Bronze Age. It is known that during the Hittites, there was a war community called Kashkas. It is known that Laz lived in ancient times. After the Latin occupation in the Byzantine period, the Trabzon Empire was founded by the dynasty members. It became a banner of the Ottoman Empire during the reign of Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror.
Camlihemsin, 12 km south of the town of Rize on a hill in a dominant position in the valley of the Storm Valley, during the period of the Trabzon Empire, either by the Komnenoslar or by the local Lords are estimated to have been built.
It is believed that the church was built between 365-395 AD. It was built in the style of Cappadocia churches which are frequently seen in Anatolia. According to a legend among the Black Sea Greeks, two monks named Barnabas and Sophronios of Athens had the same dream; In their dreams, they saw the place of Sumela, the icon of the three Panagia icons made by Saint Luke, one of Jesus' disciples, the icon of Mary holding the baby Jesus in her arms. Then they came to Trabzon by sea, unaware of each other, told each other the dreams they had encountered there and laid the foundation of the first church.
Located in the pine forests of Soğuksu ridge overlooking Trabzon, the building was built as a house by Banker Kostaki Teophylaktos between 1898-1913. The materials used in the mansion indicate that their architects are Italian.
When Atatürk honored Trabzon for the first time on 15-17 September 1924, he was hosted in the mansion which was organized as Trabzon Museum.
Since 1943, the building has been converted into a museum and opened to service and is known as “Atatürk's Mansion arasında.
The basement floor of the mansion is organized as Archeological Works Section, the ground floor as the Konak Exhibition, the first floor as the Ethnographic Works Section and the mezzanine floor as the Administrative Section.
The museum is open 7 days a week. The museum is accessible by municipal buses departing from the Atatürk area every half hour.
Kanuni was born in Orta Hisar (Orta Saray), one of the oldest neighborhoods of Trabzon where there are historical Turkish houses, which are now held as Kanuni House (1495). Today, the house where Sultan Süleyman was born is open to visitors.
Starting from the seafront and extending to the hills behind the city, Trabzon Castle rises on the old foundations of the Byzantine Age. Consisting of three separate sections: Upper Hisar, Orta Hisar and Lower Hisar, the castle is made of stones collected from old monuments.
Yukarı Hisar is the protector of the inner castle and also acts as the acropolis. It is thought that the first castle was built in 2000 BC.
King I of the Komnenos family Built by Manuel as a monastery church between 1250 and 1260, the building was called Hagia Sophia, which means “Sacred Wisdom, and converted into a mosque in 1584. I. It was converted into a museum in 1964 after being used as a warehouse and military hospital by the Russians during World War II, but since 2013 it has been used as a place of worship open to Muslims.
This magnificent and sacred building, the oldest monastery in history, was built in 270 AD. It is dedicated to the Baptist John the Bible in the Bible. Although the monastery's name is Zouvalon according to ancient sources, it was named Vazelonas today with the flow of history. The monastery is located about 40 kilometers outside and south of Trabzon.
Although there is no definite information about the construction date, it is known that it was a Genoese structure built in the 11th century and that it was turned into the bedesten with the conquest of Trabzon.
Bedesten, an important work of the Ottoman Empire, left the offices of merchants on the upper floors and cafes suitable for the Ottoman coffeehouse culture. You can have a coffee here during your stroll.
It is dedicated to Eugenios, the savior and patron saint of Trabzon. It is not known when the first church was built. Researchers state that the first structure is the basilica. An inscription from 1291 was also found. After the conquest of Trabzon, the northern entrance and minaret were added to the building which was turned into a mosque.
You can dine in the historical building known as Peristera Monastery, except for the buildings to be seen. You can make your trip more colorful with the cable car in Boztepe. Trabzon is known for its natural beauties. Zagnos and Altindere Valley, Hidirnebi, Ayder, Kalalalak, Lapazan, Garester, Haldizen and Sekersu Highlands, Uzungol and Cal Cave are among the must-see places in Trabzon.
Trabzon, fish, Akçabat Meatballs, Kuymak, Pilaf and Pide come to mind. Pilavı Historical Kalkanoğlu Pilavcısı'nda, fish Fish Restaurant, pita Bozo or Karpi, Kuyma Boztepe, you can taste meatballs in the name of the musician Cemil Usta Akçabat Köftecisi.
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